### References & Citations

# General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology

# Title: Connections between entropy surface density and microscopic property in black holes

(Submitted on 11 Mar 2021 (v1), last revised 27 Mar 2021 (this version, v2))

Abstract: We introduce a new microscopic quantity $\varepsilon $ that describes the contribution of a single black hole molecule to black hole entropy and give a key relation that this microscopic quantity is proportional to the macroscopic quantity -- entropy surface density $\sigma_{S}$, thus connecting a microscopic quantity to a macroscopic quantity of black holes. Such a connection provides a new probe for understanding the black hole microstructure from the macroscopic perspective. We also classify black holes in terms of entropy surface density. When its entropy surface density is larger (smaller) than $1/4$, this type of black holes is defined as strong (weak) Bekenstein-Hawking black holes, where the black holes with $1/4$-entropy surface density are regarded as Bekenstein-Hawking black holes. We compute the entropy surface density for four models, where three of them are regular black holes -- the Bardeen black hole, the Ay\'{o}n-Beato-Garc\'{\i}a black hole, and the Hayward black hole, and one of them is a singular black hole -- the five-dimensional neutral Gauss-Bonnet black hole. Under this scheme of classification, the Bardeen black hole, the Ay\'{o}n-Beato-Garc\'{\i}a black hole, and the five-dimensional neutral Gauss-Bonnet black hole belong to the type of strong Bekenstein-Hawking black holes, but the Hayward black hole belongs to the type of weak Bekenstein-Hawking black holes, and the four black holes approach to the Bekenstein-Hawking black hole if their event horizon radii go to infinity. In addition, we find interesting properties in phase transitions from the viewpoint of entropy surface density, or equivalently from the viewpoint of a single black hole molecule entropy, for the five-dimensional neutral Gauss-Bonnet AdS black hole.

## Submission history

From: Yan-Gang Miao [view email]**[v1]**Thu, 11 Mar 2021 13:45:31 GMT (62kb,D)

**[v2]**Sat, 27 Mar 2021 10:34:16 GMT (64kb,D)

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